Hindi Movies That Depicted The Struggles Of Common Man

This article examines a selection of Hindi movies that depict the struggles of the common man. By analyzing these films, we aim to shed light on the experiences and challenges faced by ordinary individuals in Indian society.

The selected movies span several decades, from the 1950s to more recent releases, offering a comprehensive view of how these portrayals have evolved over time. Through an academic lens, we will explore the themes and narratives presented in each film, paying particular attention to their social and cultural implications.

This analysis seeks to engage an audience interested in understanding and advocating for social justice, as well as those seeking insight into the cinematic representation of real-life struggles faced by common people. By exploring these cinematic narratives, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the ways in which Hindi cinema has addressed societal issues and contributed to public discourse on topics relevant to everyday citizens.

Shree 420 (1955)

Shree 420 (1955) portrays the challenges faced by the ordinary individual in an objective manner, showcasing their struggles through vivid and realistic scenes. The film presents a compelling examination of societal norms and expectations, shedding light on the hardships endured by the common man.

Through its narrative, Shree 420 explores the impact of urbanization on individuals who migrate to cities in search of better opportunities. It highlights how rapid urban development can lead to exploitation, corruption, and moral decay.

The film’s depiction of crowded slums, corrupt officials, and disillusioned characters effectively conveys the harsh realities faced by those striving for success in a rapidly changing society. By delving into these themes with sensitivity and realism, Shree 420 provides a thought-provoking critique of social inequality and serves as a powerful reminder of the challenges faced by ordinary people in pursuit of a better life.

Do Bigha Zamin (1953)

Another notable film that vividly portrays the hardships faced by ordinary individuals is Do Bigha Zamin (1953). Directed by Bimal Roy, this Hindi movie provides a poignant depiction of rural poverty and the exploitation of land.

The story revolves around Shambu Mahato, a farmer who is forced to leave his small patch of land in order to repay his debts. The film powerfully illustrates the struggles faced by Shambu as he journeys to Calcutta in search of work, leaving behind his wife and child.

Through its realistic portrayal, Do Bigha Zamin exposes the harsh reality of agrarian life and highlights the socio-economic issues prevalent in post-independence India. It serves as a reminder of the challenges faced by common people and emphasizes the need for societal reform to address these injustices.

Markdown List:

1) Depiction of rural poverty

2) Portrayal of land exploitation

3) Exploration of socio-economic issues

Pyaasa (1957)

Pyaasa (1957) is a cinematic masterpiece that delves into the existential angst of its protagonist, Vijay, an aspiring poet struggling to find recognition in a society driven by materialism and superficiality. The film vividly portrays societal inequalities and sheds light on the artist’s struggle for acceptance and validation. Through Vijay’s journey, Pyaasa highlights the harsh realities of a world where talent is overshadowed by greed and corruption.

The movie effectively emphasizes the stark contrast between the glittering facade of success and the underlying despair faced by the common man. It critiques the commodification of art and presents a scathing commentary on a society that values money over genuine creativity. Pyaasa challenges conventional norms and advocates for individual freedom, urging viewers to question their own pursuit of shallow ambitions.

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By presenting Vijay as an embodiment of every struggling artist, Pyaasa inspires audiences to reflect upon their own lives and recognize the importance of authentic expression amidst societal pressures. This thought-provoking film continues to resonate with contemporary audiences seeking liberation from materialistic pursuits.

Depiction of societal inequalities Portrayal of the artist’s struggle
Sheds light on social disparities Critiques commodification of art
Challenges conventional norms Inspires reflection on personal journey
Advocates for individual freedom Encourages authentic expression

Swades (2004)

Swades (2004) offers a compelling portrayal of an Indian immigrant’s journey as he returns to his homeland and becomes deeply invested in rural development, highlighting the protagonist’s transformation from a successful NASA scientist to a catalyst for social change.

The film adeptly depicts personal growth through Mohan Bhargava’s gradual realization of the importance of reconnecting with his cultural roots and embracing the struggles faced by the common man. It explores the protagonist’s exploration of cultural identity as he immerses himself in the lives of villagers, questioning his own privileged existence and finding meaning in helping others.

Swades effectively captures the essence of societal liberation by shedding light on issues such as illiteracy, lack of basic amenities, and gender inequality prevalent in rural India. Through its poignant narrative and nuanced character development, Swades inspires viewers to reflect upon their own roles in creating positive change within their communities.

  1. Mohan Bhargava’s journey reflects the transformative power of reconnecting with one’s cultural heritage.

  2. The film delves into the complexities of identity formation amidst shifting societal dynamics.

  3. Swades sheds light on systemic issues that hinder progress in rural areas.

  4. By emphasizing individual agency and community empowerment, it encourages viewers towards collective action for societal liberation.

A Wednesday (2008)

A Wednesday is a 2008 Indian thriller film that delves into the struggles faced by a common man who decides to take matters into his own hands.

The movie provides a thought-provoking examination of the inefficiencies and corruption within the system.

Through its narrative, it sheds light on the challenges encountered by individuals when they are left with no other choice but to resort to unconventional methods in order to seek justice.

Depiction of the struggles faced by a common man taking matters into his own hands

One notable film that portrays the challenges encountered by an ordinary individual who decides to take matters into his own hands is ‘Lagaan.’ This 2001 Hindi movie directed by Ashutosh Gowariker depicts societal inequality and explores the consequences of taking matters into one’s own hands.

In ‘Lagaan,’ Bhuvan, a simple villager, leads a group of villagers to revolt against British colonial rule through a high-stakes cricket match. The film beautifully captures the struggles faced by Bhuvan and his team as they challenge the oppressive British regime. It showcases their determination, courage, and resilience in the face of adversity.

Through its gripping narrative and powerful performances, ‘Lagaan’ not only entertains but also inspires its audience to question injustice and fight for liberation. The film’s portrayal of the common man triumphing over oppression resonates with viewers seeking empowerment and social change.

  • Sub-list: Challenges faced by Bhuvan:

  • Convincing fellow villagers to join him in rebellion

  • Overcoming skepticism and resistance from within the village community

  • Sub-list: Consequences of taking matters into one’s own hands:

  • Facing severe backlash from British authorities

  • Enduring personal sacrifices for the greater good

Examination of the inefficiencies and corruption in the system

An examination of the inefficiencies and corruption within the system reveals a stark reality that plagues societies worldwide. Hindi movies have often delved into this important issue, shedding light on the struggles faced by common people due to these systemic problems.

One notable aspect explored in these movies is police brutality, which portrays how innocent individuals become victims of abuse at the hands of those meant to protect them. This investigation into police misconduct serves as a wake-up call for viewers, urging them to question authority and demand justice.

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Additionally, Hindi movies also analyze the impact of bureaucratic red tape on the lives of ordinary citizens. They highlight how excessive paperwork and administrative delays hinder progress and create obstacles for those seeking basic services or justice.

By showcasing these issues through cinema, audiences are encouraged to challenge these inefficiencies and work towards creating a more equitable society.

Piku (2015)

Piku (2015), a Hindi movie, aptly portrays the challenges faced by an ordinary individual in navigating through the complexities of life. The film revolves around Piku Banerjee, a strong-willed and independent woman who takes care of her aging father, Bhaskor. Piku is portrayed as someone who struggles to balance her personal aspirations with her familial responsibilities. Through its exploration of family dynamics and generational conflicts, the movie sheds light on the everyday struggles faced by common people in Indian society.

In Piku, director Shoojit Sircar skillfully captures the nuances of interpersonal relationships within a family, highlighting how these dynamics can impact an individual’s journey towards self-actualization. The movie delves into the complexities of parent-child relationships and tackles themes such as filial duty, sacrifice, and emotional dependence.

By portraying relatable characters facing relatable challenges, Piku appeals to an audience that desires liberation from societal expectations and norms. It encourages viewers to reflect upon their own lives and question societal pressures that often hinder personal growth and fulfillment.

Overall, Piku effectively depicts the struggles encountered by common individuals in navigating through the intricacies of life while also offering a thought-provoking commentary on family dynamics and generational conflicts.

Newton (2017)

The film ‘Newton’ (2017) provides a critical examination of the struggles faced by a government clerk during an election.

The protagonist, Newton Kumar, encounters numerous challenges and obstacles as he tries to ensure fair elections in a Maoist-controlled area.

Through its portrayal of Newton’s experiences, the movie highlights the flaws in the electoral system and raises questions about the challenges of implementing democracy in such circumstances.

Examination of the struggles faced by a government clerk during an election

Experiencing the daily grind of a government clerk’s life during an election, one witnesses the relentless struggle they face to balance their professional responsibilities with the demands of participating in the democratic process.

This examination of the impact of political propaganda on the common man reveals how these individuals are bombarded with false promises and manipulated narratives that aim to sway their votes.

The movie also portrays the sacrifices made by these common men during an election campaign, as they often have to navigate through bureaucratic red tape and corrupt practices to ensure a fair electoral process.

Furthermore, it sheds light on their perseverance and resilience in upholding their civic duty despite facing numerous obstacles.

Through this realistic portrayal, viewers gain a deeper understanding of the challenges faced by government clerks and are encouraged to actively participate in creating a more transparent and accountable democracy.

Critique of the flaws in the electoral system and the challenges of implementing democracy

A critical analysis of the flaws present in the electoral system and the inherent challenges involved in implementing democracy uncovers the need for comprehensive reforms to ensure a more inclusive and representative governance structure.

The critique of political apathy highlights the disengagement of citizens from the democratic process, leading to an erosion of trust and accountability. This apathy can be attributed to various factors such as disillusionment with politicians, lack of awareness about rights and responsibilities, and unequal access to resources.

Additionally, challenges faced by grassroots democracy further compound these issues. Limited resources, lack of political education, and exclusionary practices hinder the participation of marginalized communities in decision-making processes.

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To address these flaws and challenges, it is imperative to undertake initiatives that promote civic education, encourage citizen participation, and ensure equitable representation at all levels of governance.

Only through such comprehensive reforms can a more inclusive and representative democracy be established.

Article 15 (2019)

Depicting the social inequalities prevalent in Indian society, Article 15 (2019) highlights the struggles faced by the common man. This Hindi movie delves into the deep-rooted caste discrimination that continues to plague the country, shedding light on its impact on individuals and communities. The film emphasizes three significant aspects:

  1. Exploration of Caste Discrimination: Article 15 critically examines the rigid caste system and exposes the harsh realities faced by marginalized sections of society. It portrays how discrimination based on caste affects every aspect of an individual’s life, including education, employment, and even access to justice.

  2. Impact of Social Media on Justice System: The movie also explores how social media can be a double-edged sword when it comes to seeking justice for victims of discrimination. While it provides a platform for raising awareness and mobilizing support, it also exposes the shortcomings and biases within the existing legal framework.

  3. Liberation from Oppression: Article 15 aims to awaken its audience to the need for liberation from oppressive systems and ideologies that perpetuate social inequality. It encourages viewers to question societal norms and actively work towards dismantling discriminatory practices.

Through its thought-provoking narrative, Article 15 serves as a powerful tool for those seeking liberation from injustice and advocates for a more equitable society.

Thappad (2020)

Thappad (2020) delves into the intricacies of societal norms and sheds light on the consequences of gender-based violence within Indian society. The film presents a powerful examination of societal expectations and gender roles, challenging the prevailing notions that perpetuate violence against women. It explores the impact of domestic violence on individuals and society as a whole, highlighting how such acts not only affect the victim but also have far-reaching consequences for their families and communities. Thappad effectively portrays the emotional and psychological turmoil faced by women who experience violence in their relationships, urging viewers to question deeply ingrained beliefs that condone or trivialize such behavior. Through its compelling narrative, this thought-provoking film aims to empower its audience by encouraging them to confront these issues head-on and work towards creating a more equal and just society.

Societal Expectations Gender Roles
Traditional norms Stereotypes
Patriarchal system Discrimination
Restrictive boundaries Empowerment

Table: Key Elements Explored in ‘Thappad’

Note: This table highlights some key elements explored in ‘Thappad,’ including traditional norms, stereotypes, patriarchal system, discrimination, restrictive boundaries, and empowerment. These elements play a crucial role in understanding the examination of societal expectations and gender roles depicted in the movie.

Talaash: The Answer Lies Within (2012)

Talaash: The Answer Lies Within (2012) explores the themes of mystery and psychological introspection, as it follows a detective’s search for answers in a perplexing case.

The movie delves into the examination of the psychological impact of searching for answers, showcasing how it can lead to a profound transformation in an individual’s perspective.

Through its riveting narrative, Talaash also undertakes an exploration of the supernatural elements in the story. It skillfully weaves together elements of suspense and intrigue with a touch of the paranormal, adding layers of complexity to the plot.

This portrayal serves as a metaphorical representation of the struggles faced by common people in their pursuit for truth and justice.

By presenting these themes, Talaash effectively captures the audience’s attention while shedding light on important societal issues.


In conclusion, the Hindi film industry has produced several movies that effectively depict the struggles of the common man. Films like Shree 420, Do Bigha Zamin, and Pyaasa from the 1950s focused on social issues and economic disparities.

More recent films like Swades, A Wednesday, Newton, Article 15, Thappad, and Talaash: The Answer Lies Within have continued this tradition by addressing relevant societal problems.

These movies serve as powerful tools to raise awareness about the challenges faced by ordinary individuals in society.

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